What is copyright? For the first time, the importance of protecting intellectual property became recognized at the Paris convention for the protection of industrial property in 1883 and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works in 1886. Both treaties are administered by OBPI, as dealt with in the previous chapter. Intellectual property law deals with the rules for securing and enforcing legal rights to inventions, models, and works of art.
Just as the law protects personal property and real estate ownership, it also protects intangible assets’ exclusive control. From their jobs without fear of being abused or copied by others. But what is copyright in itself? Copyright includes a set of rights assigned to creators for their work in particular creativity or creating a literary, scientific, or artistic work. The copyright belongs to the very fact of the nature of the book. To enjoy copyright protection, no prior completion of any administrative formalities is required.
Authorizes moral and economic rights related to his work from the time the book was created, including:
1. exclusive personal authorizations to protect the inviolability of the author’s work and the author’s personality (i.e., moral copyright rights),
2. Unique economic permissions to protect the financial interests of the author (economic rights of the author),
3. other copyright (other copyright).
Rights are intended to protect copyright, the various misappropriations, exploits, and abuses that may threaten the copyrighted work, primarily to preserve the originality of the job without excluding the protection of the economic interest of the author, which may serve as a stimulus to general creativity, and thus to the development of society itself. In other words, copyright helps balance copyright owners’ interests with the public benefits to advance culture.
For work or creator to be the subject of copyright, it must, of course, meet one or more of the specified conditions. Initially, what makes a work special and the object of protection is the creativity, the original character that the work must have, and the book’s materialization. The latter is specified in the Berne Convention “On the protection of literary and musical works,” which clearly states that it must be the States’ laws that exclude the general creations from protection if they are not materialized. On the other hand, if we were to compare it with our legislation, it would find application in Article 1 of copyright law.
With the 2016 amendments, this law recognizes, protects, and guarantees authors a safe environment and opportunities to benefit from their work. The author finds himself protected in this law, especially for the legal guarantees, which makes intellectual property work in the creators’ interests and is necessary to extend and develop their creative activity.